Unit 1 - Medicine and Public Health 1350-2000.
Public Health provision 1350--2000.
In this enquiry you will examine
• Ideas about the cause of disease: belief in the supernatural; the search for a natural explanation of illness.
• Approaches to the treatment and prevention of disease and illness.
• The influence of the Church and the Renaissance on medicine.
Medical ideas and practices at the time of the Black Death; continuity with the Ancient World; the importance of Galen’s ideas and the influence of religion. The medical Renaissance: new knowledge, ideas and technology; the development of printing and its significance; the influence of Vesalius; changes in the training of physicians and the reduction in Church influence; the Royal Society: a scientific approach. Medicine and health care in the home and in hospitals. The significance of key individuals and events: William Harvey and the theory of the circulation of the blood.Changing approaches to the provision of water supplies and the disposal of waste from c1350. The nature of public health provision and the role of government in c1350–1750, 1750–1900 and 1900–the present day.
Medieval Medical Training
What were hospitals like in the Middle Ages?
Why was Public Health so deadly 1350-1750?
The Great Plague, Cheap Gin and the dreaded smallpox
Focus 2. Medicine 1750-1900.
To what extent did the ideas about the causes of illness change 1750-1900, and how did they impact on approaches to treatment and prevention?
In this enquiry you will examine
• Ideas about the cause of disease: the development of the germ theory; the identification of microbes.
• Approaches to the treatment and prevention of diseases and illness; the development of vaccination.
• The influence of industrialisation and science on changes in medicine.
New knowledge about the cause and prevention of disease: the significance of the work of Pasteur and Koch on microbes and vaccines; the importance of research teams. The fight against smallpox: Jenner and vaccination. Improvements in hospitals and training and the professionalisation of the roles of nurses, midwives, and doctors; the significance of Elizabeth Garrett Anderson in the training of women. Informal medical treatment: within the home; patent medicines. The contribution of improved communications and technology to medical research. The importance of science in the search for microbes and the ‘magic bullet’. The significance of key individuals and events: the Germ Theory; Florence Nightingale. Changing attitudes to government intervention: the public health acts of 1848 and 1875; Liberal welfare reforms in the early twentieth century; the National Health Service.
The significance of key individuals: Edwin Chadwick and Aneurin Bevan.
Medical Training in the 18th and 19th Century
Who was Edwin Chadwick?
Why did Public Health improve in the 19th?
Who was Dr Jon Snow?
Focus 3. Medicine 1900-2000
To what extent did ideas about the causes of illness change 1900-2000, and how did they impact on approaches to treatment and prevention?
In this enquiry you will examine
• Ideas about the cause of disease: growing understanding of microbes and of genetic conditions.
• Approaches to the treatment and prevention of diseases and illness; high-tech medicine.
• The influence of science and technology on changes in medicine.
Increased understanding of the causes of disease and illness: the significance of Watson and Crick’s discovery of the DNA structure. Developments in the fight against disease: a new pharmaceutical industry and improvements in treatment; the development of antibiotics; increased use of vaccinations; work on genetic conditions. Improved access to treatments available through state funding of medical and hospital care. Changes in the roles of doctors, nurses and midwives and the increased regulation of training.Informal and alternative medicine: products available for use at home, for example medicines and monitoring devices from pharmacies, alternative medicine such as acupuncture. The contribution of science and technology to research, diagnosis and treatment, for example in enabling x-rays, radiotherapy, scans and monitors.
The significance of key individuals and events: Alexander Fleming; the establishment of the National Health Service in 1948.Changing attitudes to government intervention: the public health acts of 1848 and 1875; Liberal welfare reforms in the early twentieth century; the National Health Service. The significance of key individuals: Edwin Chadwick and Aneurin Bevan.
Salvarsan 606. The First Magic Bullet
Prontosil. The Second Magic Bullet.
The deadly history of public health 1900-1948
The deadly History of Public Health in the 20th Century
Why did Public Health improve in the 19th and 20th Century?
The story of DNA
And finally....cracking the Puzzle and developing my exam technique to achieve my potential in Unit 1 Medicine Through Time!
Exam technique and past papers
Content revision resources
Once you have developed your knowledge and understanding through completing the course and practising the skills of doing history in your lessons and homework, it will be important to prepare yourself for the final puzzle...the exam. In fact lets stop using the E word now and just talk about preparing for the puzzle.
There are two essential aspects to this preparation.
Firstly, there is developing your memory. This is something that you can do through specific memory training exercises and revision more generally. In history we encourage the use of the Trigger Memory Activity as an initial stimulus to your memory of a whole topic both in overview and in depth. Use theses tools and others that you have developed to prepare your memory for the demands of the puzzle.
Secondly you will need to think about how this particular exam is organised, the number of questions, what skills they are asking you to demonstrate, the amount of marks they are worth and the amount of time you will have to answer these questions in the puzzle. There will be examples of these puzzles that have been used before so ask your teacher about them or find out the exam board and syllabus to access past papers online.
The more that you prepare your memory and your clever writing patterns for particular questions under the conditions the puzzle will be set in, the greater chance you will have of fulfilling your potential in this subject.There are some examples of the Trigger Memory Activities and Clever Writing Patterns to develop Puzzle Technique opposite. Sit back, kick your shoes off, relax and begin your preparation.